Helping Afghanistan Become More Resilient to Natural Disasters
Afghanistan is highly prone to intense and recurring natural hazards such as avalanches, droughts, earthquakes floods and landslides. The creation, understanding and accessibility of hazard, exposure, vulnerability and risk information is key for effective management of disaster risk.
To better understand natural hazard and disaster risk, the World Bank and Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) have supported the development of new avalanche, drought, earthquake, flood, and landslide risk information in Afghanistan, as well as a first-order analysis of the costs and benefits of resilient reconstruction and risk reduction strategies.
GRF Davos lead the avalanche hazard analysis for Afghanistan within an international consortium of experts in natural hazard disaster risk management, including: Deltares as project lead, and flood and drought risk; Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) for earthquakes; The Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA) for landslides; and Omran Geotechnical Company (OGC) for data acquisition in Afghanistan.
The approach to avalanche modelling applied the Rapid Mass Movement Software RAMMS in a nationwide simulation of the avalanche hazards. The novel method to provide large scale country level avalanche simulations was developed together with support of the RAMMS group at the Snow and Avalanche Research Institute SLF. With nationwide avalanche hazard zoning it was then possible to provide the detailed risk analysis required to target critical zones threatened by avalanches. The multi-hazard risk assessment provides the foundations for strategic planning and risk resilience in Afghanistan.